The future is uncertain, that is one thing that people are sure to agree on, and the future of work is no different. For children entering the school system, many of them are being prepared for jobs that do not yet exist and being taught skills that older generations were not in order to succeed in the new work landscape. There are many trends that influence what skills will be needed in the future of work.
The first of these is technological changes. Increased connectivity and improvements have resulted in intelligence being embedded less expensively in the workplace. Historical trends have shown that technological advances have always seemed to threaten employment, but often it results in the development of new jobs. In a world of changing technology, skills such as digital literacy will be all the more important to flourish in the future of work.
The next trend is globalisation. Globalisation has been brought on, in many ways, by the improvements to connectivity fostered by technological change and this increased integration results in skills such as emotional intelligence and communication skills, as well as diversity and cultural intelligence.
Urbanization and inequality are also driving trends that influence the future of skills. As it stands, over half of the world's population lives in urban areas, and social stratification is on the rise. As it stands, over half of the world's population lives in urban areas, and social stratification is on the rise. Trends like these will influence job production, as does environmental issues, another trend, which can already be seen to be creating jobs and opportunities in the green sectors. Skills needed as a result of this flexibility and adaptability, and active learning, being willing to continuously learn to combat rising issues.
The last trend is demographic changes. For the first time in history, worldwide birth rates are decreasing. Coupled with increased longevity, the world’s demographic is becoming increasingly skewed. People will be retiring later, and overall, a large proportion of the population will become dependent on the rest.
Overall, skills that are being emphasized as being necessary as the workplace adapts and changes include fluency of ideas, deductive reasoning, originality and management of personnel resources. These skills are listed as some of the most important skills to have in the future and are what employers will value in the world to come.
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